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Pieter Brueghel


Pieter Brueghel (1525-69), usually known as Pieter Brueghel the Elder to distinguish him from his elder son, was the first in a family of Flemish painters. You'll often find his name spelled as Bruegel (Pieter spelled it like that from 1559 onwards) or Breugel or Breughel.
He was born in Breda in the Duchy of Brabant, which is now part of The Netherlands but back then part of the Flanders.
Note: Flanders or Vlaanderen and the Netherlands (aka known as Holland) or Nederland share the same language. It's called Flemish, or "Vlaams" in Belgium and Dutch, or "Nederlands" in The Netherlands. And the name Holland, although it's often taken to mean the whole of the Netherlands, is really part of that country only, the area of the provinces called Zuid Holland and Noord Holland (South and North Holland).
Brueghel was accepted as a master in the Antwerp painters' guild in 1551, after being an apprentice of Coecke van Aelst, a leading Antwerp artist, sculptor, architect, and designer of tapestry and stained glass. Brueghel traveled to Italy in 1551 or 1552, completing a number of paintings, mostly landscapes, there. Returning home in 1553, he settled in Antwerp but ten years later moved permanently to Brussels. He married van Aelst's daughter, Mayken, in 1563. His paintings, including his landscapes and scenes of peasant life, stress the absurd and vulgar, yet are full of zest and fine detail. They also expose human weaknesses and follies. He was sometimes called the Peasant Brueghel. But it was in nature that he found his greatest inspiration. His mountain landscapes have few parallels in European art. Popular in his own day, his works have remained consistently popular. Brueghel died in Brussels on Sept. 9, 1569.

Please click on the small image to load the larger one. The first title is in Dutch, then the translation into English.


Boerenbruiloftsdans
Peasant Wedding Dance
1566

119 x 157 cm
Wood panel
Institute of Arts
Detroit, U.S.
 

Vogelknip
Winter Landscape with Bird Trap
1565

38 x 56 cm
Oil on wood panel
Musée des Beaux-Arts,
(Museum van Schone Kunsten)
Brussels, Belgium
 

Volkstelling Te Bethlehem
Census at Bethlehem
1566

115.5 x 164.5 cm
Wood panel
Musée des Beaux-Arts,
(Museum van Schone Kunsten)
Brussels, Belgium
 

Saul (aka Slag Tegen De Filistijnen Op De Gilboa)
Saul (aka Battle Against The Filistines On The Gilboa)
1562

33.5 x 55 cm
Wood panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna (Vien), Austria
 

Twee Aapjes
Two Small Monkeys
1562

20 x 23 cm
Wood panel
Staaliche Museen, Gemaldegalerie,
Berlin, Germany

Aanbidding Der Wijzen In De Sneeuw
Adoration Of The Kings In The Snow
1567

35 x 55 cm
Wood panel
Oskar Reinhart Collection
Winterthur, Germany
 

Prediking Van Johannes De Doper
Preaching Of John The Baptist
1566

95 x 160.5 cm
Wood panel
Beaux Arts Museum
Budapest
 

Bekering Van Paulus
Conversion Of Paulus
1567

108 x 156 cm
Wood panel
Kunsthistorishes Museum
Wien (Vienna), Austria
 

Het Luilekkerland
Land Of Milk And Honey
1567

52 x 78 cm
Wood panel
Alte Pinakothek
Munchen (Munich), Germany
 

Boerenkermis
Peasant Fair
probably 1567

114 x 164 cm
Oil on wood panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna (Vien), Austria

De Bedelaars (aka De Kreupelen)
The Beggars (aka The Cripples)
1568

18 x 21.5 cm
Wood panel
Louvre, Paris, France

Boerenbruiloft
Peasant Wedding
probably 1567

114 x 163 cm
Oil on wood panel.
Kunsthistorisches Museum,
Vienna (Wien), Austria
 

Spreekwoorden (De Blauwe Huik)
Proverbs (aka Blue Cloak)
1559

117.5 x 163.5 cm
Oil on wood panel
Staatliche Museen, Gemaldegalerie,
Berlin, Germany

Strijd Tussen Vasten En Vastenavond
Fight Between Carnival and Lent
1559

118 x 164.5 cm
Oil on wood panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna (Vien), Austria
 

Kinderspelen
Children's Games
1560

118 x 161 cm
Oil on wood panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna (Vien), Austria

Vlucht Naar Egypte
Flight To Egypt
1563

32.2 x 55.5 cm
Wood panel
Courtauld Institute Galleries,
London, U.K.

Val Van Icarus
Fall of Icarus

73.5 x 112 cm
Oil on canvas
Musée des Beaux-Arts
(Museum van Schone Kunsten)
Brussels, Belgium
Some experts say this is not a Brueghel The Elder, may be painted by his son?
Date - 1555? Others say the last painting he ever made

 

This is probably not a Pieter Brueghel The Elder
Wood panel
National Gallery of Art,
Washington D.C., U.S.A.

Hooioogst (Juni-Juli)
Hay-Harvest (June-July)
1565

Part of 'The 12 Months'
114 x 158 cm
Wood panel
National Museum,
Prague, Chechoslovakia

Oogst (Aug.-Sept.)
Harvest
1565

Part of 'The 12 Months'
117 x 160 cm
Wood panel
Metropolitan Museum of Art,
New York, U.S.A.
 

Terugkeer Van De Kudde (Oct.-Nov.)
Return Of The Herd
1565

Part of 'The 12 Months'
117 x 159 cm
Wood panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna (Vien), Austria
 

Jagers In De Sneeuw (Dec.-Jan.)
Hunters in the Snow
1565

Part of 'The 12 Months'
117 x 162 cm
Wood panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna (Wien), Austria
 

Sombere Dag (Feb.-Ma.)
Gloomy Day
1565

Part of 'The 12 Months'
117 x 162 cm
Wood panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna (Vien), Austria
 

 
 
 
  The Sixth Panel, April-May, is missing.

Kruisdraging
Procession to Calvary
1564

124 x 170 cm
Oil on wood panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna (Wien), Austria
 

Moord Op De Onnozele Kinderen
Massacre of the Innocents
1565, approx.

Wood panel
109.2 x 154.9 cm
Hampton Court, U.K.
116 x 160 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna (Vien), Austria
Right, several of them - which is the original? Most say the one in the U.K.
 

Dulle Griet
Mad Meg
1562 (or 1563)

117.4 x 162 cm
Oil on wood panel
Museum Mayer van den Bergh,
Antwerp, Belgium
 

Toren Van Babel
Tower of Babel
1563

114 x 155 cm
Oil on wood panel
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna (Vien), Austria

Val Der Opstandige Engelen
Fall of the Rebel Angels
1562

117 x 162 cm
Wood panel
Musée des Beaux-Arts,
(Museum van Schone Kunsten)
Brussels, Belgium
 

Kleine Toren Van Babel
Small Tower of Babel
1563

60 x 74.5 cm
Oil on wood panel
Museum Boymans-van Beuningen,
Rotterdam, Netherlands

Aanbidding Der Wijzen
Adoration of the Kings
1564

111 x 83.5 cm
Wood panel
National Gallery,
London, U.K.
 

Triomf Van De Dood
Triumph of Death
1562, approx.

117 x 162 cm
Oil on wood panel
Museo del Prado,
Madrid, Spain

Parabel Van De Blinden
Parabel Of The Blind
1568

86 x 156 cm
Waterpaint on canvas
Museo Nazionale,
Napoli (Napels), Italy

Grote Vissen Eten De Kleine
Large Fish Eat Small Fish
1556

Pen and grey-black ink
216 x 302 cm
Albertina,
Vienna (Vien), Austria

Schilder En Kenner
Painter and Connoisseur
1565, approx.

25 x 21.6 cm.
Pen and brown ink
Albertina
Vienna (Vien), Austria

Ezel Op School
Ass at School
1556

Pen and Black Ink
232 x 302 cm
Kupferstichkabinett
Staatliche Museen
Berlin, Germany

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